The German Federal Highway Research Institute initiated the research project "Building Information Modeling (BIM) in road construction with a focus on road maintenance management". Our consortium of 4 university chairs was chosen to realize concepts for a BIM-based data model for the road maintenance management.

The research project consist of the following seven work packages:

WP 1 – International status quo of BIM in road construction

  • Analysis of the international trend of the usage of BIM in road construction and related disciplines like rail, bridge and tunnel construction
  • Consideration and analysis of the OKSTRA standard, regarding its usage in context to BIM

WP 2 – International standardization

  • Strategy of BIM standardization with respect to data exchange, requirements, formats, data management and facility management
  • Analysis of the international activity, considering BIM data exchange formats for the road and infrastructure construction

WP 3 – Requirements for a BIM-based road maintenance management

  • Analysis and documentation of current processes of the road maintenance management
  • Analysis of the current available data and systems of the road maintendance management
  • Opportunities and chances to improve the road maintendance management using BIM
  • Formal specification of BIM use-cases of the road maintenance management
  • Definition of Level of Information for the before mentioned use-cases

WP 4 – BIM data model for the maintenance management

  • Specification of relvant OKSTRA object classes
  • Specifcation of relevant property-sets for the object classes considering BIM use-cases
  • Implementation of a Model View Definition for the BIM use-cases
  • Prototypical implementation of the new data model
  • Validation of the data model with simple test cases

WP 5 – Evaluation by means of two exemplary projects

  • Definition and aquisition of data of two exemplary projects
  • Realization of the BIM use-cases for the maintenance management for the test projects using the new data model

WP 6 – Formulation proposals for standardization

  • Preparation of formulation proposal for international standardization
  • Compilation of test data for international standardization

WP 7 – Project documentation and results

Project data

Title: Building Information Modeling (BIM) im Straßenbau unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Erhaltungsplanung

Type: kollaboratives Forschungsprojekt

Consortium: BIM4ROAD

Principal investigator: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Markus König

Researchers: Maximilian Dichtl

Project partners:

Hochschule Karlsruhe (IVI),

Ruhr-University Bochum (LVW)(IIB),

TU München (CMS)

Chair of Computing in Engineering
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Markus König
Bldg. IC, Room 6-59
Universitätsstraße 150
44780 Bochum



Automated Construction using Wire Robots


Automated Construction using Wire Robots

Given the great potential to improve the productivity, quality and safety of construction projects and also to reduce costs, automated technologies are still not widely spread in the construction sector. Recently, advances in the field of the so-called wire robot technology offer new prospects for the automation of large-scale processes.

This research project focuses on a simulation-based approach to analyze the technical and economic feasibility of wire robots for automated construction. Masonry buildings are considered as an appropriate application case due to repetitive construction procedures and high demands concerning quality as well as accuracy of construction. A simulation model representing the fundamental mechanics of a wire robot is created including process-relevant objects and interactions. Special focus lies on creating collision-free motion profiles which can be exported to the robot control system and may serve as a basis for path planning. Building information models are used to set-up the simulation model and to prepare the required input data. Following a modular structure, the model can be applied with different purposes in the exploration of the approach.

The research project is conducted in close cooperation with the Chair for Mechatronics and the Institute of Construction Management of University Duisburg-Essen.

Project Data

Title: Automated Construction using Wire Robots

Researcher: Hannah Exner, M.Sc.

Project Partners: 
Chair for Mechatronics, University of Duisburg-Essen;
Institute of Construction Management, University Duisburg-Essen

Chair of Computing in Engineering
Bldg. IC, Room 6-67
Universitätsstraße 150
44780 Bochum

Computer Vision and Mixed Reality

Computer vision is the science of extracting information from images and videos for the purpose of controlling processes, detecting events, modeling objects and environments, and interacting with systems. Applying thes technology to the civil engineering domain, our research group uses digital images and videos of construction sites and built infrastructures to recognize building elements and surfaces defects; to track workers, equipment and materials; and to reconstruct the built environment.

Mixed Reality is concerned with merging the real and physical world with virtual models. Respective applications in civil engineering range from virtual building models (BIM) in interactive immersive environments (VR) to augmented realilty (AR) by superimposing additional information onto live camera views.

robot2   Finishing icon   FM-AR

Distributed pavement condition assessment

This project aims to design and validate concepts for the distributed sensing and assessment of the surface conditions of regional road networks. more...

Finishing progress recognition based on video data and BIM

The objective of this research is to design and validate a framework for automated progress recognition of finishing works using video data and 4D Building Information Models. more...

Augmented reality based facility management

This project is concerned with the design and validation of an AR-based method for on-site maintenance and repair support of facility operatiors. more...
   Potholes image    title

dRD Subsurface modeling and Engineering (SME)

The intelligent use of the underground space opens perspectives and new opportunities to meet a number of challenging requirements of modern society. more...



Video-based pothole

The objective of this project is to create a method for automated pothole recognition in pavement video data.. more...

Window detection in facade images

This project deals with the development and verification of methods for an automated detection of windows in facade images. more...

BIM-4-Infra 2020

The German Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) proclaimed to introduce the method of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in the domain of public infrastructure projects as mandatory by the year 2020. For this purpose the Road Map for Digital Design and Construction has been initiated. This Road Map aims for the digitalization of processes in the construction industry with a focus on the BIM-method in three implementation levels. Now, the consortium BIM-4-INFRA-2020, an alliance between major industry and research partners, has been charged with the implementation of the goals defined in the Road Map.

The consortium executes the implementation within five work packages:

WP 1 – Analyzing the scenario "BIM Introduction in 2020"

  • In this work package the consortium defines the general scope of level 1 of the Road Map. The scope includes descriptions of processes, applications, technology and data exchange. The consortium will respect the balance between the employer’s benefit and the supplier’s effort.

WP 2 – Consulting of the BIM Pilots

  • In the course of the introduction of BIM for infrastructure projects six pilot projects will deliver practical case studies for the evaluation of a demandable BIM level 1. Among these pilot projects different infrastructure types, for example, bridge, road or waterway, will be addressed. The consortium accompanies the project’s planning and construction process.

WP 3 – Legal issues and contracts

  • Although BIM demands new contractual forms, the traditional design – bid – build process is still one of the most used processes for public construction projects. However, the use of the BIM-method will change the way of managing projects. This can lead to new and/or shifted tasks, which need to be financially compensated. The consortium generates legal templates and contractual clauses that will adequately respect current compensation regulations (e.g. HOAI) and standards of data security.

WP 4 – Guidelines, templates and handouts

  • Apart from legal templates, the consortium will provide project guidelines and templates, such as the employer’s information requirements (EIR / AIA). Furthermore, examples of BIM-applications will be described in detail.

WP 5 – Concept for databases covering infrastructure projects

  • In order to guarantee a consistent project lifecycle management, as envisioned by BIM-users, certain data requirements have to be established. Especially current databases for asset management are assessed in terms of BIM aspects. The consortium aims for the preservation of traditional asset data management systems. If needed, the data structure will be upgraded, in order to ensure both the data delivery from construction to asset management and vice versa. Additional databases will provide project templates, object catalogs etc.

As for public relations, the consortium organizes recurring workshops for the public and domain experts. This way, the feedback from public opinion and expert knowledge will be respected and integrated into the development of the research project.





















Title: Umsetzung des Stufenplans „Digitales Planen und Bauen“

Type: kollaboratives Forschungsprojekt

Consortium: BIM4INFRA2020

Principal investigator: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Markus König

Researchers: Maximilian Dichtl, M.Sc.; Hannah Exner, M.Sc.; Markus Scheffer, M.Sc.; Kevin Schwabe, M.Sc.

Project partners: 

Planen Bauen 4.0, TU München, Kapellmann Rechtsanwälte, AEC3, Obermeyer Planen + Beraten, WTM Engineers, interactive instruments, Max Bögl, Hochtief ViCon, Erste Lesung

Chair of Computing in Engineering
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Markus König
Bldg. IC, Room 6-59
Universitätsstraße 150
44780 Bochum




Structural health monitoring, system identification and model adaption

Prof. em. Dr.-Ing. habil. Dr.-Ing. E.h. Dietrich Hartmann

sprengung_uebersicht.jpg   windkraft_uebersicht.jpg   agentbasierteoptimierung_uebersicht.jpg

Computer aided destruction of complex structures using controlled explosives

Main topic of the DFG-funded Research Unit 500 is the realistic computer simulation of demolition of structures using controlled explosives to determine a verified optimal demolition strategy. more...

Lifetime prediction for wind power plants

Identifying the location and severity of existing or evolving deteriorations of wind turbines through novel methods of system identification and establishing reliable lifetime predictions. more...

Agent-based optimization

Using a network of agents to solve so-called non-standard optimization problems in structural engineering with a mixture of optimization strategies as a basis. more...

Sensor-based 2nd level monitoring

In collaboration with the Stanford University, California, most modern methods of Engineering Informatics, in particular multi-agent systems, are applied and developed to create reliable, autonomous and sensor-based monitoring systems for use in Life Cycle Management. more...

Weitere Beiträge...

  1. Research